Zip Code: 11120 Queens Long Island City 2.81 Miles
Zip Code: 11109 Queens Long Island City 2.82 Miles
Zip Code: 10130 New York New York 2.86 Miles
Zip Code: 10125 New York New York 2.86 Miles
Zip Code: 11101 Queens Long Island City 2.93 Miles
Zip Code: 10161 New York New York 2.98 Miles
Zip Code: 10099 New York New York 2.98 Miles
Zip Code: 10454 Bronx Bronx 3.01 Miles
Zip Code: 10060 New York New York 3.08 Miles
Zip Code: 11105 Queens Astoria 3.09 Miles
Zip Code: 10199 New York New York 3.15 Miles
Zip Code: 10110 New York New York 3.16 Miles
Zip Code: 10159 New York New York 3.19 Miles
Zip Code: 10160 New York New York 3.19 Miles
Zip Code: 10098 New York New York 3.2 Miles
Zip Code: 10010 New York New York 3.21 Miles
Zip Code: 10242 New York New York 3.22 Miles
Zip Code: 11103 Queens Astoria 3.25 Miles
Zip Code: 10249 New York New York 3.31 Miles
Zip Code: 10113 New York New York 3.39 Miles
Zip Code: 10039 New York New York 3.4 Miles
Zip Code: 10114 New York New York 3.4 Miles
Zip Code: 10451 Bronx Bronx 3.41 Miles
Zip Code: 10011 New York New York 3.42 Miles
Zip Code: 10499 Bronx Bronx 3.45 Miles
Zip Code: 11104 Queens Sunnyside 3.61 Miles
Zip Code: 10031 New York New York 3.66 Miles
Zip Code: 10276 New York New York 3.68 Miles
Zip Code: 10455 Bronx Bronx 3.72 Miles
Zip Code: 10211 New York New York 3.76 Miles
Zip Code: 10003 New York New York 3.77 Miles
Zip Code: 11222 Kings Brooklyn 4.03 Miles
Zip Code: 10032 New York New York 4.04 Miles
Zip Code: 10009 New York New York 4.05 Miles
Zip Code: 10014 New York New York 4.09 Miles
Zip Code: 10095 New York New York 4.16 Miles
Zip Code: 11377 Queens Woodside 4.2 Miles
Zip Code: 10012 New York New York 4.34 Miles
Zip Code: 10452 Bronx Bronx 4.36 Miles
Zip Code: 10456 Bronx Bronx 4.45 Miles
Zip Code: 11370 Queens East Elmhurst 4.56 Miles
Zip Code: 10474 Bronx Bronx 4.67 Miles
Zip Code: 10033 New York New York 4.78 Miles
Zip Code: 10459 Bronx Bronx 4.79 Miles
Zip Code: 10013 New York New York 4.81 Miles
Zip Code: 10002 New York New York 4.82 Miles
Zip Code: 10015 New York New York 4.84 Miles
Zip Code: 11372 Queens Jackson Heights 4.85 Miles
Zip Code: 11371 Queens Flushing 4.87 Miles
Zip Code: 11211 Kings Brooklyn 5.02 Miles
Zip Code: 10213 New York New York 5.05 Miles
Zip Code: 11378 Queens Maspeth 5.14 Miles
Zip Code: 11369 Queens East Elmhurst 5.19 Miles
Zip Code: 10277 New York New York 5.19 Miles
Zip Code: 10008 New York New York 5.21 Miles
Zip Code: 10079 New York New York 5.22 Miles
Zip Code: 10257 New York New York 5.22 Miles
Zip Code: 10096 New York New York 5.22 Miles
Zip Code: 10258 New York New York 5.22 Miles
Zip Code: 10184 New York New York 5.22 Miles
Zip Code: 10094 New York New York 5.22 Miles
Zip Code: 10196 New York New York 5.22 Miles
Zip Code: 10081 New York New York 5.23 Miles
Zip Code: 10007 New York New York 5.28 Miles
Zip Code: 10090 New York New York 5.32 Miles
Zip Code: 10278 New York New York 5.33 Miles
Zip Code: 10046 New York New York 5.33 Miles
Zip Code: 10048 New York New York 5.37 Miles
Zip Code: 10273 New York New York 5.43 Miles
Zip Code: 10203 New York New York 5.44 Miles
Zip Code: 10292 New York New York 5.45 Miles
Zip Code: 10038 New York New York 5.5 Miles
Zip Code: 10040 New York New York 5.53 Miles
Zip Code: 10453 Bronx Bronx 5.53 Miles
Zip Code: 10047 New York New York 5.53 Miles
Zip Code: 10285 New York New York 5.55 Miles
Zip Code: 10279 New York New York 5.56 Miles
Zip Code: 11373 Queens Elmhurst 5.58 Miles
Zip Code: 10256 New York New York 5.61 Miles
Zip Code: 10212 New York New York 5.62 Miles
Zip Code: 10457 Bronx Bronx 5.62 Miles
Zip Code: 10045 New York New York 5.65 Miles
Zip Code: 10006 New York New York 5.68 Miles
Zip Code: 10271 New York New York 5.76 Miles
Zip Code: 11206 Kings Brooklyn 5.77 Miles
Zip Code: 10280 New York New York 5.78 Miles
Zip Code: 10005 New York New York 5.8 Miles
Zip Code: 10270 New York New York 5.8 Miles
Zip Code: 10274 New York New York 5.89 Miles
Zip Code: 10260 New York New York 5.89 Miles
Zip Code: 10080 New York New York 5.9 Miles
Zip Code: 10268 New York New York 5.9 Miles
Zip Code: 10265 New York New York 5.9 Miles
Zip Code: 10041 New York New York 5.91 Miles
Zip Code: 10286 New York New York 5.91 Miles
Zip Code: 11247 Kings Brooklyn 5.92 Miles
Zip Code: 10472 Bronx Bronx 5.93 Miles
Zip Code: 11237 Kings Brooklyn 5.94 Miles
Zip Code: 10269 New York New York 5.97 Miles
Zip Code: 11248 Kings Brooklyn 5.97 Miles
Zip Code: 11254 Kings Brooklyn 6.01 Miles
Zip Code: 10281 New York New York 6.02 Miles
Zip Code: 10004 New York New York 6.05 Miles
Zip Code: 11240 Kings Brooklyn 6.07 Miles
Zip Code: 10282 New York New York 6.07 Miles
Zip Code: 10275 New York New York 6.07 Miles
Zip Code: 10473 Bronx Bronx 6.1 Miles
Zip Code: 11242 Kings Brooklyn 6.14 Miles
Zip Code: 10460 Bronx Bronx 6.18 Miles
Zip Code: 11205 Kings Brooklyn 6.18 Miles
Zip Code: 11243 Kings Brooklyn 6.2 Miles
Zip Code: 11255 Kings Brooklyn 6.2 Miles
Zip Code: 11256 Kings Brooklyn 6.22 Miles
Zip Code: 11251 Kings Brooklyn 6.22 Miles
Zip Code: 11202 Kings Brooklyn 6.23 Miles
Zip Code: 11201 Kings Brooklyn 6.28 Miles
Zip Code: 10034 New York New York 6.29 Miles
Zip Code: 11241 Kings Brooklyn 6.37 Miles
Zip Code: 11249 Kings Brooklyn 6.37 Miles
Zip Code: 11368 Queens Corona 6.37 Miles
Zip Code: 11381 Queens Flushing 6.5 Miles
Zip Code: 11379 Queens Middle Village 6.53 Miles
Zip Code: 11356 Queens College Point 6.54 Miles
Zip Code: 11244 Kings Brooklyn 6.59 Miles
Zip Code: 11221 Kings Brooklyn 6.68 Miles
Zip Code: 11245 Kings Brooklyn 6.75 Miles
Zip Code: 11386 Queens Ridgewood 6.75 Miles
Zip Code: 11374 Queens Rego Park 6.79 Miles
Zip Code: 10458 Bronx Bronx 6.84 Miles
Zip Code: 10462 Bronx Bronx 6.93 Miles
Zip Code: 10468 Bronx Bronx 6.98 Miles
Zip Code: 11385 Queens Ridgewood 6.99 Miles
Zip Code: 11217 Kings Brooklyn 7 Miles
Zip Code: 11238 Kings Brooklyn 7.12 Miles
Zip Code: 11216 Kings Brooklyn 7.16 Miles
Zip Code: 11354 Queens Flushing 7.35 Miles
Zip Code: 11380 Queens Elmhurst 7.41 Miles
Zip Code: 10463 Bronx Bronx 7.53 Miles
Zip Code: 11351 Queens Flushing 7.55 Miles
Zip Code: 11231 Kings Brooklyn 7.59 Miles
Zip Code: 11375 Queens Forest Hills 7.6 Miles
Zip Code: 11352 Queens Flushing 7.63 Miles
Zip Code: 11233 Kings Brooklyn 7.65 Miles
Zip Code: 11213 Kings Brooklyn 7.93 Miles
Zip Code: 10461 Bronx Bronx 7.93 Miles
Zip Code: 11390 Queens Flushing 7.97 Miles
Zip Code: 11355 Queens Flushing 7.99 Miles
Zip Code: 11215 Kings Brooklyn 8.05 Miles
Zip Code: 10465 Bronx Bronx 8.07 Miles
Zip Code: 11357 Queens Whitestone 8.12 Miles
Zip Code: 10467 Bronx Bronx 8.17 Miles
Zip Code: 11225 Kings Brooklyn 8.34 Miles
Zip Code: 11367 Queens Flushing 8.35 Miles
Zip Code: 11421 Queens Woodhaven 8.39 Miles
Zip Code: 10469 Bronx Bronx 8.56 Miles
Zip Code: 11424 Queens Jamaica 8.67 Miles
Zip Code: 11207 Kings Brooklyn 8.7 Miles
Zip Code: 10471 Bronx Bronx 8.7 Miles
Zip Code: 11212 Kings Brooklyn 8.78 Miles
Zip Code: 11415 Queens Kew Gardens 8.82 Miles
Zip Code: 11418 Queens Richmond Hill 8.96 Miles
Zip Code: 11358 Queens Flushing 9.03 Miles
Zip Code: 11232 Kings Brooklyn 9.11 Miles
Zip Code: 11208 Kings Brooklyn 9.14 Miles
Zip Code: 11416 Queens Ozone Park 9.16 Miles
Zip Code: 11203 Kings Brooklyn 9.38 Miles
Zip Code: 11226 Kings Brooklyn 9.48 Miles
Zip Code: 10475 Bronx Bronx 9.55 Miles
Zip Code: 11365 Queens Fresh Meadows 9.56 Miles
Zip Code: 10466 Bronx Bronx 9.67 Miles
Zip Code: 11360 Queens Bayside 9.69 Miles
Zip Code: 11218 Kings Brooklyn 9.7 Miles
Zip Code: 10470 Bronx Bronx 9.71 Miles
Zip Code: 11417 Queens Ozone Park 9.76 Miles
Zip Code: 11366 Queens Fresh Meadows 9.88 Miles
Zip Code: 11419 Queens South Richmond Hill 9.95 Miles
Zip Code: 11359 Queens Bayside 9.97 Miles
Zip Code: 11435 Queens Jamaica 9.98 Miles
Zip Code: 10705 Westchester Yonkers 9.98 Miles
Zip Code: 11220 Kings Brooklyn 10.18 Miles
Zip Code: 11439 Queens Jamaica 10.18 Miles
Zip Code: 11432 Queens Jamaica 10.2 Miles
Zip Code: 11361 Queens Bayside 10.21 Miles
Zip Code: 11431 Queens Jamaica 10.35 Miles
Zip Code: 11451 Queens Jamaica 10.42 Miles
Zip Code: 10464 Bronx Bronx 10.46 Miles
Zip Code: 11236 Kings Brooklyn 10.49 Miles
Zip Code: 11219 Kings Brooklyn 10.53 Miles
Zip Code: 11239 Kings Brooklyn 10.66 Miles
Zip Code: 10557 Westchester Mount Vernon 10.7 Miles
Zip Code: 11414 Queens Howard Beach 10.75 Miles
Zip Code: 10702 Westchester Yonkers 10.78 Miles
Zip Code: 11210 Kings Brooklyn 10.81 Miles
Zip Code: 10704 Westchester Yonkers 10.87 Miles
Zip Code: 10550 Westchester Mount Vernon 10.89 Miles
Zip Code: 11420 Queens South Ozone Park 10.91 Miles
Zip Code: 10551 Westchester Mount Vernon 10.98 Miles
Zip Code: 11405 Queens Jamaica 11.05 Miles
Zip Code: 11433 Queens Jamaica 11.05 Miles
Zip Code: 10558 Westchester Mount Vernon 11.15 Miles
Zip Code: 11230 Kings Brooklyn 11.15 Miles
Zip Code: 11364 Queens Oakland Gardens 11.23 Miles
Zip Code: 11423 Queens Hollis 11.31 Miles
Zip Code: 11204 Kings Brooklyn 11.4 Miles
Zip Code: 11209 Kings Brooklyn 11.43 Miles
Zip Code: 11363 Queens Little Neck 11.51 Miles
Zip Code: 10553 Westchester Mount Vernon 11.52 Miles
Zip Code: 10803 Westchester Pelham 11.6 Miles
Zip Code: 11436 Queens Jamaica 11.63 Miles
Zip Code: 11022 Nassau Great Neck 11.78 Miles
Zip Code: 10701 Westchester Yonkers 11.9 Miles
Zip Code: 11228 Kings Brooklyn 11.92 Miles
Zip Code: 11024 Nassau Great Neck 11.98 Miles
Zip Code: 11427 Queens Queens Village 11.99 Miles
Zip Code: 11027 Nassau Great Neck 12.08 Miles
Zip Code: 10552 Westchester Mount Vernon 12.19 Miles
Zip Code: 11362 Queens Little Neck 12.22 Miles
Zip Code: 11023 Nassau Great Neck 12.23 Miles
Zip Code: 11412 Queens Saint Albans 12.35 Miles
Zip Code: 11021 Nassau Great Neck 12.4 Miles
Zip Code: 10301 Richmond Staten Island 12.44 Miles
Zip Code: 11025 Nassau Great Neck 12.48 Miles
Zip Code: 11428 Queens Queens Village 12.5 Miles
Zip Code: 11425 Queens Jamaica 12.51 Miles
Zip Code: 11234 Kings Brooklyn 12.55 Miles
Zip Code: 10805 Westchester New Rochelle 12.55 Miles
Zip Code: 11229 Kings Brooklyn 12.62 Miles
Zip Code: 11252 Kings Brooklyn 12.68 Miles
Zip Code: 11214 Kings Brooklyn 12.82 Miles
Zip Code: 10708 Westchester Bronxville 12.86 Miles
Zip Code: 11223 Kings Brooklyn 12.88 Miles
Zip Code: 11026 Nassau Great Neck 12.91 Miles
Zip Code: 11429 Queens Queens Village 12.97 Miles
Zip Code: 10703 Westchester Yonkers 12.99 Miles
Zip Code: 11434 Queens Jamaica 13 Miles
Zip Code: 11005 Queens Floral Park 13.03 Miles
Zip Code: 10802 Westchester New Rochelle 13.06 Miles
Zip Code: 10310 Richmond Staten Island 13.11 Miles
Zip Code: 11426 Queens Bellerose 13.14 Miles
Zip Code: 11499 Queens Jamaica 13.25 Miles
Zip Code: 10801 Westchester New Rochelle 13.28 Miles
Zip Code: 11020 Nassau Great Neck 13.39 Miles
Zip Code: 11430 Queens Jamaica 13.43 Miles
Zip Code: 11411 Queens Cambria Heights 13.53 Miles
Zip Code: 11004 Queens Glen Oaks 13.54 Miles
Zip Code: 11693 Queens Far Rockaway 13.57 Miles
Zip Code: 11413 Queens Springfield Gardens 13.64 Miles
Zip Code: 10302 Richmond Staten Island 13.79 Miles
Zip Code: 11235 Kings Brooklyn 13.79 Miles
Zip Code: 10304 Richmond Staten Island 13.97 Miles
Zip Code: 10313 Richmond Staten Island 14.09 Miles
Zip Code: 11002 Nassau Floral Park 14.16 Miles
Zip Code: 10707 Westchester Tuckahoe 14.18 Miles
Zip Code: 10710 Westchester Yonkers 14.18 Miles
Zip Code: 10305 Richmond Staten Island 14.22 Miles
Zip Code: 11055 Nassau Port Washington 14.32 Miles
Zip Code: 11224 Kings Brooklyn 14.33 Miles
Zip Code: 11001 Nassau Floral Park 14.37 Miles
Zip Code: 11043 Nassau New Hyde Park 14.37 Miles
Zip Code: 10709 Westchester Eastchester 14.39 Miles
Zip Code: 11053 Nassau Port Washington 14.4 Miles
Zip Code: 11042 Nassau New Hyde Park 14.53 Miles
Zip Code: 11052 Nassau Port Washington 14.54 Miles
Zip Code: 11030 Nassau Manhasset 14.55 Miles
Zip Code: 11003 Nassau Elmont 14.68 Miles
Zip Code: 11422 Queens Rosedale 14.69 Miles
Zip Code: 11051 Nassau Port Washington 14.74 Miles
Zip Code: 10804 Westchester New Rochelle 14.85 Miles
Zip Code: 11050 Nassau Port Washington 14.88 Miles
Zip Code: 11044 Nassau New Hyde Park 14.93 Miles
Zip Code: 11099 Nassau New Hyde Park 14.93 Miles
Zip Code: 10706 Westchester Hastings on Hudson 15.07 Miles
Zip Code: 10303 Richmond Staten Island 15.07 Miles
Zip Code: 11054 Nassau Port Washington 15.1 Miles
Zip Code: 11040 Nassau New Hyde Park 15.21 Miles
Zip Code: 11041 Nassau New Hyde Park 15.23 Miles
Zip Code: 10538 Westchester Larchmont 15.25 Miles
Zip Code: 11096 Nassau Inwood 15.53 Miles
Zip Code: 11694 Queens Rockaway Park 15.58 Miles
Zip Code: 11580 Nassau Valley Stream 15.65 Miles
Zip Code: 11695 Queens Far Rockaway 15.72 Miles
Zip Code: 11697 Queens Breezy Point 15.8 Miles
Zip Code: 11692 Queens Arverne 15.87 Miles
Zip Code: 10311 Richmond Staten Island 15.88 Miles
Zip Code: 11581 Nassau Valley Stream 16.02 Miles
Zip Code: 11582 Nassau Valley Stream 16.15 Miles
Zip Code: 10314 Richmond Staten Island 16.26 Miles
Zip Code: 11010 Nassau Franklin Square 16.29 Miles
Zip Code: 10964 Rockland Palisades 16.37 Miles
Zip Code: 11516 Nassau Cedarhurst 16.41 Miles
Zip Code: 11507 Nassau Albertson 16.41 Miles
Zip Code: 11691 Queens Far Rockaway 16.51 Miles
Zip Code: 10976 Rockland Sparkill 16.54 Miles
Zip Code: 11690 Queens Far Rockaway 16.56 Miles
Zip Code: 10522 Westchester Dobbs Ferry 16.66 Miles
Zip Code: 10502 Westchester Ardsley 16.67 Miles
Zip Code: 10543 Westchester Mamaroneck 16.73 Miles
Zip Code: 10583 Westchester Scarsdale 16.84 Miles
Zip Code: 11598 Nassau Woodmere 16.96 Miles
Zip Code: 10983 Rockland Tappan 16.96 Miles
Zip Code: 10306 Richmond Staten Island 17.03 Miles
Zip Code: 11596 Nassau Williston Park 17.04 Miles
Zip Code: 11576 Nassau Roslyn 17.07 Miles
Zip Code: 11547 Nassau Glenwood Landing 17.09 Miles
Zip Code: 11577 Nassau Roslyn Heights 17.11 Miles
Zip Code: 11565 Nassau Malverne 17.13 Miles
Zip Code: 11531 Nassau Garden City 17.15 Miles
Zip Code: 11536 Nassau Garden City 17.3 Miles
Zip Code: 11501 Nassau Mineola 17.31 Miles
Zip Code: 11579 Nassau Sea Cliff 17.37 Miles
Zip Code: 10503 Westchester Ardsley on Hudson 17.46 Miles
Zip Code: 11563 Nassau Lynbrook 17.6 Miles
Zip Code: 11557 Nassau Hewlett 17.6 Miles
Zip Code: 11552 Nassau West Hempstead 17.69 Miles
Zip Code: 10968 Rockland Piermont 17.79 Miles
Zip Code: 11530 Nassau Garden City 17.88 Miles
Zip Code: 11535 Nassau Garden City 17.9 Miles
Zip Code: 11559 Nassau Lawrence 18.07 Miles
Zip Code: 11548 Nassau Greenvale 18.12 Miles
Zip Code: 10962 Rockland Orangeburg 18.17 Miles
Zip Code: 11509 Nassau Atlantic Beach 18.31 Miles
Zip Code: 10530 Westchester Hartsdale 18.32 Miles
Zip Code: 10528 Westchester Harrison 18.48 Miles
Zip Code: 11518 Nassau East Rockaway 18.61 Miles
Zip Code: 11542 Nassau Glen Cove 18.66 Miles
Zip Code: 11514 Nassau Carle Place 18.68 Miles
Zip Code: 10533 Westchester Irvington 18.69 Miles
Zip Code: 10308 Richmond Staten Island 18.75 Miles
Zip Code: 11599 Nassau Garden City 18.84 Miles
Zip Code: 11551 Nassau Hempstead 18.92 Miles
Zip Code: 11570 Nassau Rockville Centre 18.99 Miles
Zip Code: 11550 Nassau Hempstead 19.01 Miles
Zip Code: 11571 Nassau Rockville Centre 19.03 Miles
Zip Code: 11592 Nassau Rockville Centre 19.08 Miles
Zip Code: 11556 Nassau Uniondale 19.12 Miles
Zip Code: 10606 Westchester White Plains 19.19 Miles
Zip Code: 11568 Nassau Old Westbury 19.36 Miles
Zip Code: 10965 Rockland Pearl River 19.39 Miles
Zip Code: 10605 Westchester White Plains 19.46 Miles
Zip Code: 10580 Westchester Rye 19.59 Miles
Zip Code: 10913 Rockland Blauvelt 19.71 Miles
Zip Code: 10607 Westchester White Plains 19.73 Miles
Zip Code: 11549 Nassau Hempstead 19.74 Miles
Zip Code: 11594 Nassau Westbury 19.88 Miles
Zip Code: 10312 Richmond Staten Island 19.93 Miles
Zip Code: 11572 Nassau Oceanside 20.12 Miles
Zip Code: 10602 Westchester White Plains 20.17 Miles
Zip Code: 10601 Westchester White Plains 20.18 Miles
Zip Code: 11545 Nassau Glen Head 20.19 Miles
Zip Code: 11555 Nassau Uniondale 20.19 Miles
Zip Code: 10610 Westchester White Plains 20.31 Miles
Zip Code: 11553 Nassau Uniondale 20.43 Miles
Zip Code: 11558 Nassau Island Park 20.56 Miles
Zip Code: 11590 Nassau Westbury 20.61 Miles
Zip Code: 10523 Westchester Elmsford 20.61 Miles
Zip Code: 11595 Nassau Westbury 20.67 Miles
Zip Code: 11510 Nassau Baldwin 20.73 Miles
Zip Code: 11560 Nassau Locust Valley 20.81 Miles
Zip Code: 11575 Nassau Roosevelt 21.16 Miles
Zip Code: 10960 Rockland Nyack 21.55 Miles
Zip Code: 10603 Westchester White Plains 21.55 Miles
Zip Code: 10994 Rockland West Nyack 21.6 Miles
Zip Code: 11561 Nassau Long Beach 21.61 Miles
Zip Code: 11554 Nassau East Meadow 21.62 Miles
Zip Code: 10591 Westchester Tarrytown 21.77 Miles
Zip Code: 10309 Richmond Staten Island 21.86 Miles
Zip Code: 10954 Rockland Nanuet 21.88 Miles
Zip Code: 10573 Westchester Port Chester 21.97 Miles
Zip Code: 11520 Nassau Freeport 22 Miles
Zip Code: 10604 Westchester West Harrison 22.11 Miles
Zip Code: 10577 Westchester Purchase 22.13 Miles
Zip Code: 11853 Nassau Jericho 22.28 Miles
Zip Code: 11753 Nassau Jericho 22.29 Miles
Zip Code: 11765 Nassau Mill Neck 22.58 Miles
Zip Code: 11802 Nassau Hicksville 22.68 Miles
Zip Code: 11819 Nassau Hicksville 22.87 Miles
Zip Code: 11566 Nassau Merrick 22.93 Miles
Zip Code: 10595 Westchester Valhalla 23.04 Miles
Zip Code: 11732 Nassau East Norwich 23.05 Miles
Zip Code: 10532 Westchester Hawthorne 23.1 Miles
Zip Code: 11801 Nassau Hicksville 23.17 Miles
Zip Code: 11597 Nassau Westbury 23.18 Miles
Zip Code: 11855 Nassau Hicksville 23.2 Miles
Zip Code: 10952 Rockland Monsey 23.38 Miles
Zip Code: 10989 Rockland Valley Cottage 23.58 Miles
Zip Code: 10977 Rockland Spring Valley 23.6 Miles
Zip Code: 11771 Nassau Oyster Bay 23.61 Miles
Zip Code: 10982 Rockland Tallman 23.69 Miles
Zip Code: 11815 Nassau Hicksville 23.75 Miles
Zip Code: 11710 Nassau Bellmore 23.81 Miles
Zip Code: 11709 Nassau Bayville 23.86 Miles
Zip Code: 10307 Richmond Staten Island 23.86 Miles
Zip Code: 11756 Nassau Levittown 23.87 Miles
Zip Code: 11569 Nassau Point Lookout 24.23 Miles
Zip Code: 11854 Nassau Hicksville 24.28 Miles
Zip Code: 11775 Suffolk Melville 24.43 Miles
Zip Code: 11791 Nassau Syosset 24.6 Miles
Zip Code: 11773 Nassau Syosset 24.68 Miles
Zip Code: 11793 Nassau Wantagh 24.89 Miles
Zip Code: 10571 Westchester Pleasantville 25.06 Miles
Zip Code: 10594 Westchester Thornwood 25.12 Miles
Zip Code: 11714 Nassau Bethpage 25.28 Miles
Zip Code: 10570 Westchester Pleasantville 25.46 Miles
Zip Code: 10510 Westchester Briarcliff Manor 25.68 Miles
Zip Code: 10920 Rockland Congers 25.72 Miles
Zip Code: 11803 Nassau Plainview 25.76 Miles
Zip Code: 10956 Rockland New City 25.78 Miles
Zip Code: 10572 Westchester Pleasantville 25.86 Miles
Zip Code: 11783 Nassau Seaford 25.99 Miles
Zip Code: 10931 Rockland Hillburn 26.01 Miles
Zip Code: 11797 Nassau Woodbury 26.05 Miles
Zip Code: 10901 Rockland Suffern 26.44 Miles
Zip Code: 10545 Westchester Maryknoll 26.56 Miles
Zip Code: 11804 Nassau Old Bethpage 26.67 Miles
Zip Code: 11758 Nassau Massapequa 26.92 Miles
Zip Code: 11737 Nassau Farmingdale 27.36 Miles
Zip Code: 11724 Suffolk Cold Spring Harbor 27.46 Miles
Zip Code: 11774 Nassau Farmingdale 27.47 Miles
Zip Code: 11736 Nassau Farmingdale 27.48 Miles
Zip Code: 10504 Westchester Armonk 27.95 Miles
Zip Code: 11762 Nassau Massapequa Park 28.13 Miles
Zip Code: 10927 Rockland Haverstraw 28.25 Miles
Zip Code: 11735 Nassau Farmingdale 28.33 Miles
Zip Code: 10974 Rockland Sloatsburg 28.37 Miles
Zip Code: 11743 Suffolk Huntington 28.78 Miles
Zip Code: 10514 Westchester Chappaqua 28.9 Miles
Zip Code: 10923 Rockland Garnerville 28.95 Miles
Zip Code: 11747 Suffolk Melville 29.02 Miles
Zip Code: 10970 Rockland Pomona 29.06 Miles
Zip Code: 10562 Westchester Ossining 29.29 Miles
Zip Code: 10984 Rockland Thiells 29.32 Miles
Zip Code: 10993 Rockland West Haverstraw 29.36 Miles
Zip Code: 11750 Suffolk Huntington Station 29.4 Miles
Zip Code: 11701 Suffolk Amityville 29.62 Miles
Zip Code: 11708 Suffolk Amityville 29.76 Miles
Zip Code: 10546 Westchester Millwood 30.29 Miles
Zip Code: 10520 Westchester Croton on Hudson 30.57 Miles
Zip Code: 11726 Suffolk Copiague 30.64 Miles
Zip Code: 10521 Westchester Croton on Hudson 31.31 Miles
Zip Code: 10549 Westchester Mount Kisco 31.35 Miles
Zip Code: 11798 Suffolk Wyandanch 31.44 Miles
Zip Code: 10987 Orange Tuxedo Park 31.57 Miles
Zip Code: 11757 Suffolk Lindenhurst 31.64 Miles
Zip Code: 11746 Suffolk Huntington Station 31.71 Miles
Zip Code: 10980 Rockland Stony Point 31.73 Miles
Zip Code: 11704 Suffolk West Babylon 31.91 Miles
Zip Code: 11740 Suffolk Greenlawn 31.97 Miles
Zip Code: 11721 Suffolk Centerport 31.98 Miles
Zip Code: 10548 Westchester Montrose 32.19 Miles
Zip Code: 10596 Westchester Verplanck 32.43 Miles
Zip Code: 10506 Westchester Bedford 33.08 Miles
Zip Code: 10979 Orange Sterling Forest 33.17 Miles
Zip Code: 10511 Westchester Buchanan 33.18 Miles
Zip Code: 10925 Orange Greenwood Lake 33.27 Miles
Zip Code: 10926 Orange Harriman 33.51 Miles
Zip Code: 10975 Orange Southfields 33.69 Miles
Zip Code: 11703 Suffolk North Babylon 33.71 Miles
Zip Code: 11729 Suffolk Deer Park 33.75 Miles
Zip Code: 10507 Westchester Bedford Hills 33.93 Miles
Zip Code: 11707 Suffolk West Babylon 34.03 Miles
Zip Code: 11702 Suffolk Babylon 34.28 Miles
Zip Code: 11731 Suffolk East Northport 34.33 Miles
Zip Code: 10986 Rockland Tomkins Cove 34.47 Miles
Zip Code: 10567 Westchester Cortlandt Manor 34.51 Miles
Zip Code: 10566 Westchester Peekskill 34.68 Miles
Zip Code: 11768 Suffolk Northport 34.72 Miles
Zip Code: 11795 Suffolk West Islip 35.31 Miles
Zip Code: 10910 Orange Arden 35.31 Miles
Zip Code: 10598 Westchester Yorktown Heights 35.84 Miles
Zip Code: 10517 Westchester Crompond 35.89 Miles
Zip Code: 10576 Westchester Pound Ridge 35.94 Miles
Zip Code: 11725 Suffolk Commack 36.07 Miles
Zip Code: 10911 Rockland Bear Mountain 36.62 Miles
Zip Code: 11706 Suffolk Bay Shore 36.92 Miles
Zip Code: 10547 Westchester Mohegan Lake 36.94 Miles
Zip Code: 10912 Orange Bellvale 36.95 Miles
Zip Code: 10501 Westchester Amawalk 36.99 Miles
Zip Code: 11718 Suffolk Brightwaters 37 Miles
Zip Code: 10536 Westchester Katonah 37.23 Miles
Zip Code: 11717 Suffolk Brentwood 37.36 Miles
Zip Code: 10928 Orange Highland Falls 37.84 Miles
Zip Code: 10922 Orange Fort Montgomery 38.03 Miles
Zip Code: 10588 Westchester Shrub Oak 38.12 Miles
Zip Code: 10527 Westchester Granite Springs 38.2 Miles
Zip Code: 11754 Suffolk Kings Park 38.22 Miles
Zip Code: 10950 Orange Monroe 38.26 Miles
Zip Code: 10917 Orange Central Valley 38.31 Miles
Zip Code: 10518 Westchester Cross River 38.62 Miles
Zip Code: 10526 Westchester Goldens Bridge 38.87 Miles
Zip Code: 10587 Westchester Shenorock 38.95 Miles
Zip Code: 10959 Orange New Milford 38.95 Miles
Zip Code: 10535 Westchester Jefferson Valley 39.15 Miles
Zip Code: 10537 Putnam Lake Peekskill 39.21 Miles
Zip Code: 10990 Orange Warwick 39.3 Miles
Zip Code: 11751 Suffolk Islip 39.3 Miles
Zip Code: 10590 Westchester South Salem 39.5 Miles
Zip Code: 11788 Suffolk Hauppauge 39.66 Miles
Zip Code: 10540 Westchester Lincolndale 39.71 Miles
Zip Code: 11787 Suffolk Smithtown 39.78 Miles
Zip Code: 10949 Orange Monroe 39.87 Miles
Zip Code: 10597 Westchester Waccabuc 39.87 Miles
Zip Code: 11760 Suffolk Islandia 40 Miles
Zip Code: 10589 Westchester Somers 40.36 Miles
Zip Code: 10505 Westchester Baldwin Place 40.37 Miles
Zip Code: 11722 Suffolk Central Islip 40.45 Miles
Zip Code: 10930 Orange Highland Mills 40.53 Miles
Zip Code: 10578 Westchester Purdys 40.69 Miles
Zip Code: 10981 Orange Sugar Loaf 40.69 Miles
Zip Code: 10524 Putnam Garrison 40.99 Miles
Zip Code: 11730 Suffolk East Islip 41.45 Miles
Zip Code: 11752 Suffolk Islip Terrace 41.5 Miles
Zip Code: 11749 Suffolk Islandia 41.57 Miles
Zip Code: 10542 Putnam Mahopac Falls 42 Miles
Zip Code: 10918 Orange Chester 42.03 Miles
Zip Code: 10519 Westchester Croton Falls 42.05 Miles
Zip Code: 10996 Orange West Point 42.09 Miles
Zip Code: 10997 Orange West Point 42.13 Miles
Zip Code: 11780 Suffolk Saint James 42.31 Miles
Zip Code: 10541 Putnam Mahopac 42.47 Miles
Zip Code: 10921 Orange Florida 42.63 Miles
Zip Code: 11739 Suffolk Great River 42.7 Miles
Zip Code: 10579 Putnam Putnam Valley 42.9 Miles
Zip Code: 10560 Westchester North Salem 43.01 Miles
Zip Code: 10953 Orange Mountainville 43.06 Miles
Zip Code: 11767 Suffolk Nesconset 43.15 Miles
Zip Code: 11770 Suffolk Ocean Beach 43.27 Miles
Zip Code: 12518 Orange Cornwall 43.76 Miles
Zip Code: 11769 Suffolk Oakdale 43.86 Miles
Zip Code: 11716 Suffolk Bohemia 43.89 Miles
Zip Code: 11779 Suffolk Ronkonkoma 44.15 Miles
Zip Code: 11790 Suffolk Stony Brook 44.63 Miles
Zip Code: 11755 Suffolk Lake Grove 44.68 Miles
Zip Code: 10914 Orange Blooming Grove 44.99 Miles
Zip Code: 11794 Suffolk Stony Brook 45.01 Miles
Zip Code: 10992 Orange Washingtonville 45.24 Miles
Zip Code: 12520 Orange Cornwall on Hudson 45.29 Miles
Zip Code: 11796 Suffolk West Sayville 45.46 Miles
Zip Code: 10969 Orange Pine Island 45.75 Miles
Zip Code: 11733 Suffolk East Setauket 46.11 Miles
Zip Code: 10924 Orange Goshen 46.25 Miles
Zip Code: 11782 Suffolk Sayville 46.27 Miles
Zip Code: 10958 Orange New Hampton 46.29 Miles
Zip Code: 11720 Suffolk Centereach 46.54 Miles
Zip Code: 11741 Suffolk Holbrook 46.54 Miles
Zip Code: 12584 Orange Vails Gate 46.59 Miles
Zip Code: 12577 Orange Salisbury Mills 46.73 Miles
Zip Code: 10516 Putnam Cold Spring 46.82 Miles
Zip Code: 10988 Orange Unionville 47.37 Miles
Zip Code: 10509 Putnam Brewster 47.46 Miles
Zip Code: 10512 Putnam Carmel 47.72 Miles
Zip Code: 11705 Suffolk Bayport 47.8 Miles
Zip Code: 12553 Orange New Windsor 47.92 Miles
Zip Code: 10998 Orange Westtown 47.99 Miles
Zip Code: 00544 Suffolk Holtsville 48.08 Miles
Zip Code: 00501 Suffolk Holtsville 48.2 Miles
Zip Code: 10916 Orange Campbell Hall 48.23 Miles
Zip Code: 11742 Suffolk Holtsville 48.47 Miles
Zip Code: 11738 Suffolk Farmingville 48.52 Miles
Zip Code: 11784 Suffolk Selden 48.64 Miles
Zip Code: 11777 Suffolk Port Jefferson 48.64 Miles
Zip Code: 11715 Suffolk Blue Point 48.76 Miles
Zip Code: 10973 Orange Slate Hill 48.98 Miles
Zip Code: 11776 Suffolk Port Jefferson Station 49.02 Miles
Zip Code: 12575 Orange Rock Tavern 49.04 Miles
Zip Code: 10933 Orange Johnson 49.13 Miles
Zip Code: 12508 Dutchess Beacon 49.49 Miles
Zip Code: 12555 Orange Newburgh 49.92 Miles
York Hormone Replacement Therapy Solutions
The Conscious Evolution Institute specializes in Hormone Optimization
and HRT Services for adults over the age of thirty. Hormone
Deficiency is one of the biggest contributors to the aging process,
as well as one of the most preventable. Our clinic has a fully
licensed and board certified panel of Health and Wellness physicians
that specialize in Anti-Aging and Hormone Restoration. With our help,
we can help you get back on track and make the most of your golden
York HGH Therapy
Do you feel like your body is slowing down as you grow older? Are you
gaining weight and losing muscle mass without any changes in your
day-to-day routine? You may be suffering from a condition known as
Adult-Onset Growth Hormone Deficiency.
HGH Deficiency is a treatable disorder which speeds up many processes
associated with aging, and is one of the leading causes of premature
aging. With a simple doctor's appointment and blood test, we can
diagnose your deficiency and arrange for high-quality HGH Injections
to be shipped straight to your office or home.
York Sermorelin Acetate Therapy
Growth Hormone Injections are a highly effective means to treat
Growth Hormone Deficiency, but we also offer Sermorelin Injections.
These shots have the ability to boost HGH levels by stimulating the
brain to create more of the vital hormone. The body still effectively
modulates production, preventing the risk of overdose while still
providing youthful concentrations of Human Growth Hormone.
York Low-T Treatments
We also provide Testosterone Replacement Therapy for both men and
women suffering from issues related to Testosterone Deficiency.
Testosterone is the primary hormone responsible for male sexual
desire and function, and without it, libido decreases profoundly, and
erectile dysfunction becomes an unavoidable issue. With simple
Testosterone Replacement Therapy, we can boost your Testosterone
Levels, which can improve your sex life, as well as reduce the risk
of a number of medical issues related to Low-T, including diabetes,
fatigue, and obesity.
Women can also benefit from Testosterone Replacement. Testosterone is
responsible for feminine libido and sexual function, and for women
having trouble in the bedroom, a low-dose Testosterone supplement can
get you back in the saddle.
York HCG for Weight Loss
If you have trouble losing weight and keeping it off, HCG Injections
may be your best hope for overcoming the risks of obesity. HCG, when
combined with a structured, low-calorie diet, can help you lose more
than five pounds per week. HCG is an incredibly effective diet,
because it quietens the hunger pangs associated with caloric
restriction while also priming the body to burn stubborn belly fat.
With our help, you can overcome your weight issues and become a
thinner, happier, and healthier you!
Cities in New York
New York City is both the largest city in the United States as well
as the country as a whole. New York was incorporated in its current
form in 1898, when the five boroughs of New York: Manhattan,
Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, and Staten Island, voted to consolidate
into a single, larger city. Today, that city has evolved into
arguably the most important city on earth.
Each borough has its own particular identity. Manhattan is known for
its financial sector, and is the home of both Broadway and the United
Nations Headquarters. Queens is known for its unparalleled diversity,
with residents from all over the globe. Staten Island is like a
suburban bedroom community which lay across the Hudson Bay from
Manhattan. Brooklyn is known for its unique identity and attitude,
and most of its residents commute to Manhattan for work. The Bronx
has been classically known as the Concrete Jungle, and is home to the
Yankees and the Bronx Zoo.
Buffalo, New York is the second most populous city in New York, and
is located on Lake Erie, immediately across the border from Canada.
Buffalo is the closest major American city to both Toronto and
Hamilton, Ontario. Buffalo is also home to the Erie Canal, which led
directly to its development as a major American city. Buffalo is
located just to the south of Niagara Falls, one of the premier,
natural tourist attractions in the United States. Buffalo is home to
two professional sports teams, the NHL Buffalo Sabres, and the NFL
Rochester is the third largest city in New York, and is located on
the southern shore of Lake Ontario. Rochester is an important
research city, and is home to both the Rochester Institute of
Technology and the University of Rochester.
Because of its prominence as an international research center,
Rochester has a strong economy, and is home to a number of successful
companies, including Xerox, Bauch and Lomb, and Kodak. Because of its
strong economy and high quality of life, Rochester is frequently
listed among the most livable major cities in the United States.
Yonkers is the fourth most populated city in the state of New York,
and lies in the New York City Metropolitan Area, immediately to the
north of the Bronx. Yonkers is often referred to as the Sixth
Borough, because of its close proximity to New York City. Yonkers
actually had the opportunity to become a member of NYC in 1898, but
the voters declined, and the city remains independent today.
Yonkers has a number of popular tourist attractions, including
Science Barge, Sherwood House, the Hudson River Museum, and Getty
Syracuse is located in central New York State, and is the fifth most
populous city in the state. The city is commonly referred to by the
nicknames of The Heart of New York and the Emerald City. It is home
to Syracuse University.
Historically, Syracuse has had a strong manufacturing presence, but
in recent decades, those opportunities have declined and have given
way to education and service industry as the primary economic
powerhouses. In spite of this decline, Syracuse is still widely
considered one of the best places in the United States to start and
raise a family.
Do you Live in New York? Are you feeling Tired? Are you have weight gain problems? Are you experiencing a declining libido? Not feeling like your former self? You might need HGH or Testosterone injections, Hormone Replacement Therapy for Men and Women begins with a simple blood test to measure which hormones are in decline. Contact us today for a free consultation about Testosterone Replacement Therapy, Human Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy.
Looking for a compounding Hormone Replacement Therapy HRT Doctor or Physician in New York? Please Contact Us Via The Form Below.
New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. New York is the 27th-most extensive, the fourth-most populous, and the seventh-most densely populated of the 50 United States. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the west and north. The state of New York is often referred to as New York State or the State of New York to distinguish it from New York City, the state's largest city.
New York City, with a Census-estimated population of over 8.4 million in 2013, is the most populous city in the United States. It is the nucleus of the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States—the New York City Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. New York City is also known for being the location of Ellis Island, the largest historical gateway for immigration in the history of the United States. A global power city, New York City exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York City is an important center for international diplomacy and has been described as the cultural and financial capital of the world. New York City alone makes up over 40 percent of the population of New York State. Two-thirds of the state's population live in the New York City Metropolitan Area, and nearly 40% live on Long Island. Both the state and New York City were named for the 17th century Duke of York, future King James II of England.
The earliest Europeans in New York were French colonists and Jesuit missionaries who came down from settlements at Montreal for trade and proselytizing. New York was inhabited by various tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian speaking Native Americans at the time Dutch settlers moved into the region in the early 17th century. In 1609, the region was first claimed by Henry Hudson for the Dutch. They built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany later developed. The Dutch soon also settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson River Valley, establishing the colony of New Netherland based on trade and profitmaking. It was a multicultural community from the earliest days and the center of trade and immigration. The British annexed the colony from the Dutch in 1664. The borders of the British colony, the Province of New York, were quite similar to those of the present-day state. Both the Dutch and the British imported African slaves as laborers to the city and colony; African Americans were integral to the rise of the city. New York had the second-highest population of slaves after Charleston, SC.
About one-third of the battles of the U.S. Revolutionary War took place in New York. The state constitution was enacted in 1777. New York became the 11th state to ratify the United States Constitution, on July 26, 1788. Slavery was extensive in New York City and some agricultural areas. The state passed a law for the gradual abolition of slavery soon after the Revolutionary War, but the last slave in New York was not freed until 1827.
Henry Hudson's 1609 voyage marked the beginning of European involvement with the area. Sailing for the Dutch East India Company and looking for a passage to Asia, he entered the Upper New York Bay on September 11 of that year. After his return to the Netherlands, word of his findings quickly spread and Dutch merchants began to explore the coast in search for profitable fur trade.
During the 17th century, Dutch trading posts established for the trade of pelts from the Lenape, Iroquois, and other indigenous peoples were founded in the colony of New Netherland. The first of these trading posts were Fort Nassau (1614, near present-day Albany); Fort Orange (1624, on the Hudson River just south of the current city of Albany and created to replace Fort Nassau), developing into settlement Beverwijck (1647), and into what became Albany; Fort Amsterdam (1625, to develop into the town New Amsterdam which is present-day New York City); and Esopus, (1653, now Kingston). The success of the patroonship of Rensselaerswyck (1630), which surrounded Albany and lasted until the mid-19th century, was also a key factor in the early success of the colony. The English captured the colony during the Second Anglo-Dutch War and governed it as the Province of New York. The city of New York was recaptured by the Dutch in 1673 during the Third Anglo-Dutch War (1672–1674) and renamed New Orange,returned to the English under the terms of the Treaty of Westminster a year later.
The Sons of Liberty were organized in New York City during the 1760s, largely in response to the oppressive Stamp Act passed by the British Parliament in 1765. The Stamp Act Congress met in the city on October 19 of that year, composed of representatives from across the Thirteen Colonies who set the stage for the Continental Congress to follow. The Stamp Act Congress resulted in the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, which was the first written expression by representatives of the Americans of many of the rights and complaints later expressed in the United States Declaration of Independence, including the right to representative government. At the same time, with strong trading, business and personal ties to Britain among many New York residents, many were Loyalists.
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga provided the cannon and gunpowder necessary to force a British withdrawal from the Siege of Boston in 1775.
New York endorsed the Declaration of Independence on July 9, 1776. The New York State constitution was framed by a convention which assembled at White Plains on July 10, 1776, and after repeated adjournments and changes of location, terminated its labors at Kingston on Sunday evening, April 20, 1777, when the new constitution drafted by John Jay was adopted with but one dissenting vote. It was not submitted to the people for ratification. On July 30, 1777, George Clinton was inaugurated as the first Governor of New York at Kingston.
The first major battle of the American Revolutionary War after independence was declared—and the largest battle of the entire war—was fought in New York at the Battle of Long Island (a.k.a. Battle of Brooklyn) in August 1776. With the British victory, they occupied New York City, making it their military and political base of operations in North America for the duration of the conflict, and consequently the focus of General George Washington's intelligence network.
On the notorious British prison ships of Wallabout Bay, more American combatants died of intentional neglect than were killed in combat in every battle of the war, combined. Both sides of combatants lost more soldiers to disease than to outright wounds.
The first of two major British armies were captured by the Continental Army at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, a success that influenced France to ally with the revolutionaries.
In an attempt to retain their sovereignty and remain an independent nation positioned between the new United States and British North America, four of the Iroquois Nations fought on the side of the British; only the Oneida and their dependents, the Tuscarora, allied themselves with the Americans. In retaliation for attacks on the frontier led by Joseph Brant and Loyalist Mohawk and related forces, the Sullivan Expedition of 1778 and 1779 destroyed nearly 50 Iroquois villages, adjacent croplands and winter stores, forcing many refugees to British-held Niagara.
As allies of the British, the Iroquois were forced out of New York, although they had not been part of treaty negotiations. They resettled in Canada after the war and were given land grants by the Crown. In the treaty settlement, the British ceded most Indian lands to the new United States. Because New York made treaty with the Iroquois without getting Congressional approval, some of the land purchases have been subject to land claim suits since the late 20th century by the federally recognized tribes. New York put up more than 5 million acres (20,000 km2) of former Iroquois territory for sale in the years after the Revolutionary War, leading to rapid development in upstate and western New York. As per the Treaty of Paris, the last vestige of British authority in the former Thirteen Colonies—their troops in New York City—departed in 1783, which was long afterward celebrated as Evacuation Day.
New York City was the national capital under the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, the first government. That organization was found to be insufficient, and prominent New Yorker Alexander Hamilton advocated a new government that would include an executive, national courts, and the power to tax. Hamilton led the Annapolis Convention (1786) that called for the Philadelphia Convention, which drafted the United States Constitution, in which he also took part. The new government was to be a strong federal national government to replace the relatively weaker confederation of individual states. Following heated debate, which included the publication of the now quintessential constitutional interpretation—The Federalist Papers—as a series of installments in New York City newspapers, New York was the 11th state to ratify the United States Constitution, on July 26, 1788. New York remained the national capital under the new constitution until 1790, and was the site of the inauguration of President George Washington, the drafting of United States Bill of Rights, and the first session of the United States Supreme Court. Hamilton's revival of the heavily indebted United States economy after the war and the creation of a national bank significantly contributed to New York City becoming the financial center of the new nation.
Transportation in western New York was difficult before canals were built in the early part of the 19th century. The Hudson and Mohawk Rivers could be navigated only as far as Central New York. While the Saint Lawrence River could be navigated to Lake Ontario, the way westward to the other Great Lakes was blocked by Niagara Falls, and so the only route to western New York was over land.
Governor DeWitt Clinton strongly advocated building a canal connecting the Hudson River with Lake Erie, and thus all of the Great Lakes. Work commenced in 1817, and the Erie Canal was finished in 1825. Packet boats traveled up and down the canal with sightseers and visitors on board. The canal was used even more extensively for commercial transport, as commodities were shipped from the Midwest, and finished goods transported along the canals in return from industries along the Mohawk Valley and New York City. It was considered an engineering marvel which opened up vast areas of New York to commerce and settlement. It enabled Great Lakes port cities such as Buffalo and Rochester to grow and prosper. It also connected the burgeoning agricultural production of the Midwest and shipping on the Great Lakes, with the port of New York City. Improving transportation, it enabled additional population migration to territories west of New York. The construction of railroads through the state superseded the canal.
New York City and upstate textile mills did extensive business with the South during the antebellum years. Nearly half of New York exports were related to cotton, and Southern planters and businessmen were so frequent in New York as to have favorite hotels. At the same time, activism for abolitionism was strong in the city and upstate, where many communities also supported the Underground Railroad. In the early days of the American Civil War, the mayor of New York recommended that the city secede so its trade would not be damaged, but ultimately the city supported the war. During the Civil War, New York state provided more than 370,000 soldiers to the Union armies. Over 53,000 New Yorkers died in service, roughly one of every seven who served.
Since the early 19th century, New York City has been the largest port of entry for immigration into the United States. Immigration has built the city and nation. In the United States, the federal government did not assume direct jurisdiction for immigration until 1890. Prior to this time, the matter was delegated to the individual states, then via contract between the states and the federal government. Most immigrants to New York would disembark at the bustling docks along the Hudson and East Rivers, in the eventual Lower Manhattan. On May 4, 1847 the New York State Legislature created the Board of Commissioners of Immigration to regulate immigration.
The first permanent immigration depot in New York was established in 1855 at Castle Garden; a converted War of 1812 era fort located at the Battery at the tip of Manhattan. Today it stands within Battery Park. The first immigrants to arrive at the new depot were aboard three ships that had just been released from quarantine. Castle Garden served as New York's immigrant depot until it closed on April 18, 1890 when the federal government assumed control over immigration. During that period, more than 8 million immigrants passed through its doors (two out of every three U.S. immigrants).
When the federal government assumed control, it established the Bureau of Immigration, which chose the three-acre Ellis Island in Upper New York Harbor for an entry depot. Already federally controlled, the island had served as an ammunition depot. It was chosen due its relative isolation with proximity to New York City and the rail lines of Jersey City, New Jersey, via a short ferry ride. While the island was being developed and expanded via land reclamation, the federal government operated a temporary depot at the Barge Office at the Battery.
Ellis Island opened on January 1, 1892, and operated as a central immigration center until the National Origins Act was passed in 1924, reducing immigration. After that date, the only immigrants to pass through were displaced persons or war refugees. The island ceased all immigration processing on November 12, 1954 when the last person detained on the island, Norwegian seaman Arne Peterssen, was released. He had overstayed his shore leave and left on the 10:15 a.m. Manhattan-bound ferry to return to his ship.
More than 12 million immigrants passed through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1954. In the 21st century, more than 100 million Americans across the United States can trace their ancestry to these immigrants.
Ellis Island was the subject of a contentious and long-running border and jurisdictional dispute between New York State and the State of New Jersey, as both claimed it. The issue was settled in 1998 by the U.S. Supreme Court which ruled that the original 3.3 acre island was New York State territory and that the balance of the 27.5 acres (11 ha) added after 1834 by landfill was in New Jersey. The island was added to the National Park Service system in May 1965 by President Lyndon B. Johnson and is still owned by the Federal government as part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. Ellis Island was opened to the public as a museum of immigration in 1990.
On September 11, 2001, two of four hijacked planes were flown into the former Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan. The towers collapsed. 7 World Trade Center also collapsed due to damage from fires. The other buildings of the World Trade Center complex were damaged beyond repair and soon after demolished. The collapse of the Twin Towers caused extensive damage and resulted in the deaths of 2,606 people, in addition to those on the planes. Since September 11, most of Lower Manhattan has been restored. In the years since, many rescue workers and residents of the area have developed several life-threatening illnesses, and some have already died.
A memorial at the site was opened to the public on September 11, 2011. A permanent museum later opened at the site on March 21, 2014. When completed that year, the new One World Trade Center, formerly known as the Freedom Tower, was the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, at 1,776 feet. Other skyscrapers are under construction at the site.
On October 29 and 30, 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused extensive destruction of the state's shorelines, ravaging portions of New York City and Long Island with record-high storm surge, with severe flooding and high winds causing power outages for hundreds of thousands of New Yorkers, and leading to gasoline shortages and disruption of mass transit systems. The storm and its profound effects have prompted the discussion of constructing seawalls and other coastal barriers around the shorelines of New York City and Long Island to minimize the risk from another such future event. This is considered highly probably due to global warming and rise in sea levels.
New York covers 54,555 square miles (141,300 km2) and ranks as the 27th largest state by size. The Great Appalachian Valley dominates eastern New York and contains the Lake Champlain Valley as its northern half and the Hudson Valley as its southern half within the state. The rugged Adirondack Mountains, with vast tracts of wilderness, lie west of the Lake Champlain Valley. The Hudson River begins near Lake Tear of the Clouds and flows south through the eastern part of the state without draining Lakes George or Champlain. Lake George empties at its north end into Lake Champlain, whose northern end extends into Canada, where it drains into the Richelieu River and then ultimately the Saint Lawrence River. Four of New York City's five boroughs are situated on three islands at the mouth of the Hudson River: Manhattan Island; Staten Island; and Long Island, which contains Brooklyn and Queens on its western end.
Most of the southern part of the state is on the Allegheny Plateau, which rises from the southeast to the Catskill Mountains. The western section of the state is drained by the Allegheny River and rivers of the Susquehanna and Delaware systems. The Delaware River Basin Compact, signed in 1961 by New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and the federal government, regulates the utilization of water of the Delaware system. The highest elevation in New York is Mount Marcy in the Adirondacks.
New York's borders touch (clockwise from the west) two Great Lakes (Erie and Ontario, which are connected by the Niagara River); the provinces of Ontario and Quebec in Canada; Lake Champlain; three New England states (Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut); the Atlantic Ocean, and two Mid-Atlantic states, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. In addition, Rhode Island shares a water border with New York. New York is the only state that touches both the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, and is the second-largest of the original Thirteen Colonies.
In contrast with New York City's urban atmosphere, the vast majority of the state's geographic area is dominated by farms, forests, rivers, mountains, and lakes. New York's Adirondack Park is the largest state park in the United States. It is larger than the Yellowstone, Yosemite, Grand Canyon, Glacier and Olympic National Parks combined. New York established the first state park in the United States at Niagara Falls in 1885. Niagara Falls, on the Niagara River as it flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario, is a popular attraction.
Upstate and downstate are often used informally to distinguish New York City or its greater metropolitan area from the rest of New York State. The placement of a boundary between the two is a matter of great contention. Unofficial and loosely defined regions of Upstate New York include the Southern Tier, which often includes the counties along the border with Pennsylvania, and the North Country, which can mean anything from the strip along the Canadian border to everything north of the Mohawk River.
In general, New York has a humid continental climate, though under the Köppen climate classification, New York City has a humid subtropical climate. Weather in New York is heavily influenced by two continental air masses: a warm, humid one from the southwest and a cold, dry one from the northwest.
The winters are long and cold in the Plateau Divisions of the state. In the majority of winter seasons, a temperature of −13 °F (−25 °C) or lower can be expected in the northern highlands (Northern Plateau) and 5 °F (−15 °C) or colder in the southwestern and east-central highlands (Southern Plateau). The summer climate is cool in the Adirondacks, Catskills and higher elevations of the Southern Plateau.
The New York City/Long Island area and lower portions of the Hudson Valley have rather warm summers by comparison, with some periods of high, uncomfortable humidity. The remainder of New York State enjoys pleasantly warm summers, marred by only occasional, brief intervals of sultry conditions. Summer daytime temperatures usually range from the upper 70s to mid-80s °F (25 to 30 °C), over much of the state.
New York ranks 46th among the 50 states in the amount of greenhouse gasses generated per person. This relative efficiency is primarily due to the dense, compact settlement in the New York City metropolitan area, and the state population's high rate of mass transit use in this area and between major cities.
New York has many state parks and two major forest preserves. Adirondack Park, roughly the size of the state of Vermont and the largest state park in the United States, was established in 1892 and given state constitutional protection to remain "forever wild" in 1894. The park is larger than Yellowstone, Everglades, Glacier, and Grand Canyon national parks combined. The thinking that led to the creation of the Park first appeared in George Perkins Marsh's Man and Nature, published in 1864.
The Catskill Park was protected in legislation passed in 1885, which declared that its land was to be conserved and never put up for sale or lease. Consisting of 700,000 acres (2,800 km2) of land, the park is a habitat for bobcats, minks, and fishers. There are some 400 black bears living in the region. The state operates numerous campgrounds, and there are over 300 miles (480 km) of multi-use trails in the Park.
The Montauk Point State Park boasts the 1797 Montauk Lighthouse, commissioned under President George Washington, which is a major tourist attraction on the easternmost tip of Long Island. Hither Hills park offers camping and is a popular destination with surfcasting sport fishermen.
The State of New York is well represented in the National Park System with 22 national parks, which received 16,349,381 visitors in 2011. In addition, there are 4 National Heritage Areas, 27 National Natural Landmarks, 262 National Historic Landmarks and 5,379 listings on the National Register of Historic Places.
Due to its long history, the state of New York has several overlapping (and often conflicting) definitions of regions within the state. This is further exacerbated by the colloquial use of such regional labels. The New York State Department of Economic Development provides two distinct definitions of these regions. It divides the state into ten economic regions, which approximately correspond to terminology used by residents:
The Department of Economic Development also groups the counties into eleven regions for tourism purposes:
New York is divided into 62 counties. Aside from the five counties of New York City, each of these counties is subdivided into towns and cities. Towns can contain incorporated villages or unincorporated hamlets. New York City is divided into five boroughs, each coterminous with a county.
These are the ten counties with the largest populations as of 2010:
There are 62 cities in New York. The largest city in the state and the most populous city in the United States is New York City, which comprises five counties (boroughs): Bronx, New York (Manhattan), Queens, Kings (Brooklyn), and Richmond (Staten Island). New York City is home to more than two-fifths of the state's population. Albany, the sixth-largest city, is the state capital. The smallest city is Sherrill, New York, in Oneida County. Hempstead is the town with the largest population. If it were a city, it would be the second largest in the state, with over 700,000 residents.
The following are the top ten metropolitan areas in the state as of the 2010 Census:
Downstate New York (New York City, Long Island, and the southern portion of the Hudson Valley) can be considered to form the central core of the Northeast megalopolis, an urbanized region stretching from New Hampshire to Virginia.
The major cities of the state developed along the key transportation and trade routes of the early 19th century, including the Erie Canal and railroads paralleling it. Today, the New York Thruway acts as a modern counterpart to commercial water routes.
The distribution of change in population growth is uneven in New York State; the New York City metropolitan area is growing considerably, along with Saratoga County, while most of Western New York is nearly stagnant. According to immigration statistics, the state is a leading recipient of migrants from around the globe. Between 2000 and 2005, immigration failed to surpass emigration, a trend that has been reversing since 2006. New York State lost two House seats in the 2011 congressional reapportionment, secondary to relatively slow growth when compared to the rest of the United States. In 2000 and 2005, more people moved from New York to Florida than from any one state to another. However, New York State has the second largest international immigrant population in the country among the American states, at 4.2 million as of 2008; most reside in and around New York City, due to its size, high profile, vibrant economy, and cosmopolitan culture.
The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of New York was 19,746,227 on July 1, 2014, a 1.9% increase since the 2010 United States Census. Despite the open land in the state, New York's population is very urban, with 92% of residents living in an urban area, predominantly in the New York City metropolitan area.
Two-thirds of New York State's population resides in New York City Metropolitan Area. New York City is the most populous city in the United States, with an estimated record high of 8,336,697 residents as of 2012, incorporating more immigration into the city than emigration since the 2010 United States Census. More people live in New York City than in the next two most populous U.S. cities (Los Angeles and Chicago) combined, which, according to the United States Census Bureau, is estimated to total 6,572,655. Long Island alone accounted for a Census-estimated 7,740,208 residents in 2013, representing 39.4% of New York State's population.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the 2010 racial makeup of New York State was as follows by self-identification:
In 2004, the major ancestry groups in New York State by self-identification were Hispanic and Latino Americans (17.6%), African American (15.8%), Italian (14.4%), Irish (12.9%), German (11.1%) and English (6%). According to a 2010 estimate, 21.7% of the population is foreign-born.
The state's most populous racial group, non-Hispanic white, has declined as a proportion of the state population from 94.6% in 1940 to 58.3% in 2010. As of 2011, 55.6% of New York's population younger than age 1 were minorities. New York's robustly increasing Jewish population, the largest outside of Israel, was the highest among states both by percentage and absolute number in 2012. It is driven by the high reproductive rate of Orthodox Jewish families, particularly in Brooklyn and communities of the Hudson Valley.
New York is home to the largest African-American population and the second largest Asian-American population in the United States. New York's Black population declined between 2000 and 2010 as some people migrated to the South. In addition it is home to the largest Puerto Rican, Dominican, and Jamaican American populations in the continental United States. The New York City neighborhood of Harlem has historically been a major cultural capital for African-Americans of sub-Saharan descent, and Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn has the largest such population in the United States.
Queens, also in New York City, is home to the state's largest Asian-American population and is the most ethnically diverse county in the United States; it is the most ethnically diverse urban area in the world. Queens is home to the largest Andean (Colombian, Ecuadorian, Peruvian, and Bolivian) populations in the United States.
The Chinese population constitutes the fastest-growing nationality in New York State; multiple satellites of the original Manhattan Chinatown (紐約華埠), in Brooklyn (布鲁克林華埠), and around Flushing, Queens (法拉盛華埠), are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, while also expanding rapidly eastward into suburban Nassau County (拿騷縣), on Long Island (長島). New York State has become the top destination for new Chinese immigrants, and large-scale Chinese immigration continues into the state. Long Island, including Queens and Nassau County, is also home to several Little Indias and a large Koreatown (롱 아일랜드 코리아타운), with large and growing attendant populations of Indian Americans and Korean Americans, respectively. Brooklyn has been a destination for West Indian immigrants of African descent, as well as Asian Indian immigrants.
In the 2000 Census, Italian Americans in New York were the largest in any state; they made up the largest self-identified ancestral group in Staten Island and Long Island, followed by Irish-Americans. Albany and the Mohawk Valley also have populations with high numbers of ethnic Irish and ethnic Italian, reflecting 19th and early 20th-century immigration. In Buffalo and western New York, German-Americans comprise the largest ancestry. In the North Country of New York, French Canadians represent the leading ethnicity, given the area's proximity to Quebec. Americans of English ancestry are present throughout all of upstate New York, reflecting early colonial and later immigrants.
6.5% of New York's population were under five years of age, 24.7% under 18, and 12.9% were 65 or older. Females made up 51.8% of the state's population.
In 2010, the most common American English dialects spoken in New York, besides General American English, were the New York City area dialect (including New York Latino English and North Jersey English), Hudson Valley English (including the Western New England accent around Albany), and Inland Northern American English in Buffalo and western New York State. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York City, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.
As of 2010, 70.72% (12,788,233) of New York residents aged five and older reported speaking only English at home, while 14.44% (2,611,903) spoke Spanish, 2.61% (472,955) Chinese (which includes Cantonese and Mandarin), 1.20% (216,468) Russian, 1.18% (213,785) Italian, 0.79% (142,169) French Creole, 0.75% (135,789) French, 0.67% (121,917) Yiddish, 0.63% (114,574) Korean, and Polish was spoken by 0.53% (95,413) of the population over the age of five. In total, 29.28% (5,295,016) of New York's population aged five and older reported speaking a language other than English.
In 2000, Catholics comprised more than 40% of the population in New York; Protestants were 30% of the population, Jews 8.4%, Muslims 3.5%, Buddhists 1%, and 13% claimed no religious affiliation (irreligious, agnostics, and atheists).
In 2010, the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) reported that the largest denominations were the Catholic Church with 6,286,916; Orthodox Judaism with 588,500; Islam with 392,953; and the United Methodist Church with 328,315 adherents.
Roughly 3.8 percent of the state's adult population self-identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. This constitutes a total LGBT adult population of 570,388 individuals. In 2010, the number of same-sex couple households stood at roughly 48,932. New York was the fifth state to license same-sex marriages, after New Hampshire. Michael Bloomberg, the Mayor of New York City, stated that "same-sex marriages in New York City have generated an estimated $259 million in economic impact and $16 million in City revenues" in the first year after the enactment of the Marriage Equality Act". Same-sex marriages in New York were legalized on June 24, 2011 and were authorized to take place beginning 30 days thereafter.
New York's gross state product in 2010 was $1.16 trillion, ranking third in size behind the larger states of California and Texas. If New York State were an independent nation, it would rank as the 15th largest economy in the world. Its 2007 per capita personal income was $46,364, placing it sixth in the nation behind Maryland and eighth in the world behind Ireland. New York's agricultural outputs are dairy products, cattle and other livestock, vegetables, nursery stock, and apples. Its industrial outputs are printing and publishing, scientific instruments, electric equipment, machinery, chemical products, and tourism. Sand, gravel, asphalt, and cement production are also significant industries in the state.
New York City's financial district, anchored by Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, has been called the world's leading financial center and is home to the New York Stock Exchange, the world's largest stock exchange by total market capitalization of its listed companies. Wall Street, a metonym for New York City's securities industry, provided approximately $26.7 billion in bonuses, and 16 percent of revenue, or $10.3 billion, for New York State in 2013. Many of the world's largest media conglomerates are also based in the city.
Silicon Alley, centered in New York City, has evolved into a metonym for the sphere encompassing the New York metropolitan region's high technology and entrepreneurship ecosystem; in the first half of 2014, New York State generated nearly $1.8 billion in venture capital investment. High tech industries including digital media, biotechnology, software development, game design, and other fields in information technology are growing, bolstered by New York City's position at the terminus of several transatlantic fiber optic trunk lines, its intellectual capital, as well as its growing outdoor wireless connectivity. In December 2014, New York State announced a $50 million venture-capital fund to encourage enterprises working in biotechnology and advanced materials; according to Governor Andrew Cuomo, the seed money would facilitate entrepreneurs in bringing their research into the marketplace.
Creative industries such as new media, advertising, fashion, design and architecture account for a growing share of employment, with New York City possessing a strong competitive advantage in these industries.
Manhattan contained approximately 520 million square feet (48.1 million m²) of office space in 2013, making it the largest office market in the United States, while Midtown Manhattan is the largest central business district in the nation.
Lower Manhattan is the third largest central business district in the United States and is home to the New York Stock Exchange, on Wall Street, and the NASDAQ, at 165 Broadway, representing the world's largest and second largest stock exchanges, respectively, when measured both by overall average daily trading volume and by total market capitalization of their listed companies in 2013. Investment banking fees on Wall Street totaled approximately $40 billion in 2012, while in 2013, senior New York City bank officers who manage risk and compliance functions earned as much as $324,000 annually.
New York exports a wide variety of goods such as foodstuffs, commodities, minerals, computers and electronics, cut diamonds, and automobile parts. In 2007, the state exported a total of $71.1 billion worth of goods, with the five largest foreign export markets being Canada (US$15 billion), United Kingdom (US$6 billion), Switzerland (US$5.9 billion), Israel (US$4.9 billion), and Hong Kong (US$3.4 billion). New York's largest imports are oil, gold, aluminum, natural gas, electricity, rough diamonds, and lumber.
Albany, Saratoga County, and the Hudson Valley are major centers of nanotechnology and integrated microchip circuit manufacturing, while the Rochester area is important in the field of photographic processing and imaging. The state also has a large manufacturing sector that includes printing and the production of garments, furs, railroad equipment and bus line vehicles; many of these industries are concentrated in Upstate regions.
New York is a major agricultural producer, ranking among the top five states for agricultural products such as dairy, apples, cherries, cabbage, potatoes, onions, and maple syrup. The state is the largest producer of cabbage in the U.S. The state has about a quarter of its land in farms and produced $3.4 billion in agricultural products in 2001. The south shore of Lake Ontario provides the right mix of soils and microclimate for many apple, cherry, plum, pear and peach orchards. Apples are also grown in the Hudson Valley and near Lake Champlain.
New York is the nation's third-largest grape-producing state, and second-largest wine producer by volume, behind California. The south shore of Lake Erie and the southern Finger Lakes hillsides have many vineyards. In addition, the North Fork of Long Island developed vineyards, production and visitors' facilities in the last three decades of the 20th century. In 2004, New York's wine and grape industry brought $6 billion into the state economy.
The state has 30,000 acres (120 km2) of vineyards, 212 wineries, and produced 200 million bottles of wine in 2004. A moderately sized saltwater commercial fishery is located along the Atlantic side of Long Island. The principal catches by value are clams, lobsters, squid, and flounder.
New York has one of the most extensive and one of the oldest transportation infrastructures in the country. Engineering difficulties because of the terrain of the state and the unique issues of the city brought on by urban crowding have had to be overcome perennially. Population expansion of the state has followed the path of the early waterways, first the Hudson River and Mohawk River, then the Erie Canal. In the 19th century, railroads were constructed along the river valleys, followed by the New York State Thruway in the 20th century. The New York State Department of Transportation has been criticized for lack of road maintenance in some areas, and for collection of tolls past the payback for construction. Until 2006, tolls were collected on the Thruway within Buffalo. They were dropped late in 2006 during the campaign for governor (both candidates called for their removal).
In addition to New York City's famous mass transit subway, four suburban commuter railroad systems enter and leave the city: the Long Island Rail Road, Metro-North Railroad, Port Authority Trans-Hudson, and five of New Jersey Transit's rail lines. Many other cities have urban and regional public transportation. In Buffalo, the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority runs the Buffalo Metro Rail light-rail system; in Rochester, the Rochester Subway operated from 1927 until 1956, but fell into disuse as state and federal investment went to highways.
The New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (NYSDMV or DMV) is the governmental agency responsible for registering and inspecting automobiles and other motor vehicles, as well as licensing drivers in the State of New York. As of 2008, the NYSDMV has 11,284,546 drivers licenses on file and 10,697,644 vehicle registrations in force. All gasoline-powered vehicles registered in New York State are required to have an emissions inspection every 12 months, in order to ensure environmental controls are working to prevent air pollution. Diesel-powered vehicles with a Gross Weight Rating over 8 500 lb that are registered in the NY Metropolitan Area must get an annual emissions inspection. All vehicles registered in NYS must get an annual safety inspection.
Portions of the transportation system are intermodal, allowing travelers to switch easily from one mode of transportation to another. One of the most notable examples is AirTrain JFK which allows rail passengers to travel directly to terminals at John F. Kennedy International Airport.
In May 2009, the New York City Department of Transportation under the control of Transportation Commissioner Janette Sadik-Khan banned cars from Times Square, in order to improve traffic flow and reduce air pollution, and to reduce pedestrian accidents in an area of high numbers of tourists. On February 11, 2010, Mayor Michael Bloomberg announced that the pedestrian plazas would remain permanent.
The Government of New York is the governmental structure of the State of New York as established by the New York State Constitution. It is composed of three branches: executive, legislative and judicial.
The New York State Legislature is bicameral and consists of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly. The Assembly consists of 150 members; the Senate varies in its number of members, but currently has 63. The Legislature is empowered to make laws, subject to the Governor's power to veto a bill. However, the veto may be overridden by the Legislature if there is a two-thirds majority in favor of overriding in each House. The permanent laws of a general nature are codified in the Consolidated Laws.
The Governor is the State's chief executive and is assisted by the Lieutenant Governor. Both are elected on the same ticket. Additional elected officers include the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Comptroller. There are also several state government departments.
The highest court of appeal in the Unified Court System is the Court of Appeals whereas the primary felony trial courts are the Supreme Court and the county courts (outside of New York City). The Supreme Court also acts as the intermediate appellate court for many cases, and the local courts handle a variety of other matters including small claims, traffic ticket cases and local zoning matters, and are the starting point for all criminal cases. The New York City Courts make up the largest local court system.
The state is divided into counties, cities, towns, and villages, which are all municipal corporations with their own government, as well as various corporate entities that serve single purposes that are also local governments, such as school, fire districts, and New York state public-benefit corporations, frequently known as authorities or development corporations. It also has 10 Indian reservations. Each municipal corporation is granted varying home rule powers as provided by the New York Constitution.
In the last few decades, New York State has generally supported candidates belonging to the Democratic Party in national elections. Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama won New York State by 25 percentage points in 2008, a bigger margin than John Kerry in 2004. New York City is a major Democratic stronghold with liberal politics. Many of the state's other urban areas, such as Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse are also Democratic. Rural upstate New York, however, is generally more conservative than the cities and tends to favor Republicans. Heavily populated suburban areas downstate, such as Westchester County and Long Island, have swung between the major parties over the past 25 years, but more often than not support Democrats.
New York City is the most important source of political fundraising in the United States for both major parties. Four of the top five zip codes in the nation for political contributions are in Manhattan. The top zip code, 10021 on the Upper East Side, generated the most money for the 2000 presidential campaigns of both George W. Bush and Al Gore.
The State of New York sends 27 members to the House of Representatives in addition to its two United States Senators. As of the 2000 census and the redistricting for the 2002 elections, the state had 29 members in the House, but the representation was reduced to 27 in 2013 due to the state's slower overall population growth relative to the overall national population growth. From 2016 New York will have 29 electoral votes in national presidential elections (a drop from its peak of 47 votes from 1933 to 1953).
New York is represented by Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand in the United States Senate and has the nation's third equal highest number of congressional districts, equal with Florida and behind California's 53 and Texas's 36.
The state has a strong imbalance of payments with the federal government. New York State receives 82 cents in services for every $1 it sends in taxes to the federal government in Washington. The state ranks near the bottom, in 42nd place, in federal spending per tax dollar.
The University of the State of New York oversees all public primary, middle-level, and secondary education in the state, while the New York City Department of Education manages the public school system in New York City. In 1894, reflecting general racial discrimination, the state passed a law that allowed communities to set up separate schools for children of African-American descent. But the Free African School had been set up in New York City in the early 19th century. In 1900, the state passed another law requiring integrated schools.
At the post-secondary level, the statewide public university system is the State University of New York commonly referred to as SUNY. New York City also has its own City University of New York, which is funded by the city. The SUNY system consists of 64 community colleges, technical colleges, undergraduate colleges, and doctoral-granting institutions including several universities. Many were founded in the 19th century as Normal Schools for the training of teachers, when public education was expanded. The four SUNY university centers, offering a wide array of academic programs, are the University at Albany, Binghamton University, the University at Buffalo, and Stony Brook University.
Notable private universities include the New York Institute of Technology, New York University, and Fordham University, the oldest Catholic institution in the Northeast. New York state is home to both Columbia University in New York City and Cornell University in Ithaca. Syracuse University is located in the city of Syracuse in Central New York. West Point, the service academy of the U.S. Army, is located just south of Newburgh, on the west bank of the Hudson River.
During the 2007–2008 school year, New York spent more per pupil on public education than any other state.
New York hosted the 1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics at Lake Placid. The 1980 Games are known for the USA–USSR hockey game dubbed the "Miracle on Ice" in which a group of American college students and amateurs defeated the heavily favored Soviet national ice hockey team 4–3 and went on to win the gold medal against Finland. Along with St. Moritz, Switzerland and Innsbruck, Austria, Lake Placid is one of the three cities to have hosted the Winter Olympic Games twice. New York City bid to host the 2012 Summer Olympics but lost to London.
New York is the home of one National Football League team, the Buffalo Bills (based in the suburb of Orchard Park). Although the New York Giants and New York Jets represent the New York metropolitan area and were previously located in New York City, they play in MetLife Stadium, located in East Rutherford, New Jersey. The Meadowlands stadium hosted Super Bowl XLVIII in 2014, in which New York and New Jersey will share hosting duties. There was much controversy over several proposals for a new New York Jets football stadium. The owners of the New York Jets were willing to split the $1.5 billion cost of building a new football stadium over Manhattan's West Side rail yards, but the proposal never came to fruition.
New York also has two Major League Baseball teams, the New York Yankees (based in the Bronx) and the New York Mets (based in Queens). New York is home to three National Hockey League franchises: the New York Rangers in Manhattan, the New York Islanders on Long Island and the Buffalo Sabres in Buffalo. New York has two National Basketball Association teams, the New York Knicks in Manhattan, and the Brooklyn Nets in Brooklyn. There are a variety of minor league teams that can be found throughout the State of New York, such as the Long Island Ducks. New York is the home of a Major League Soccer franchise, New York City FC. Although the New York Red Bulls represent the New York metropolitan area, they play in Red Bull Arena in Harrison, New Jersey.
All of our Board Certified Medical Physicians and Doctors are knowledgeable specialists in prescribing HGH, Testosterone, Sermorelin, and HCG Weight Loss Diet. Our HRT Doctors have a minimum of 20 years expertise providing legitimate prescription programs for hormone optimization and hormone replacement therapy.
Nordatropin Pen System is activated with first usage and can be used for three weeks without any refrigeration, Pen will last 4 weeks with refrigeration after which potency might begin to degrade.
Pens not being used must be refrigerated.
TESTOSTERONE CYPIONATE VIALS
OMNITROPE VIALS OR OMNITROPE PEN
Omnitrope Comes with multi-dosage vials which you mix with Bacteriostatic water to activate. Refrigeration between usage is always required. Mixed and unmixed vials must be refrigerated.
SERMORELIN ACETATE VIALS
TEV TROPIN PEN
Tev Tropin comes with multi-dosage vials which you mix with bacteriostatic water to activate. Refrigeration between usage is always required. Mixed and unmixed vials must be refrigerated.
Medical Specialist Consultants
Testosterone Therapy Benefits
Correctly performed testosterone therapy can be your ticket to
Three sided solution: Testosterone + HCG + Arimidex
If your doctor only prescribes testosterone by itself, you will
probably have a rough ride. The tendency is for you to feel
great the first couple months, while you increase testosterone
levels, followed by a slow deterioration, once your estrogen
High estrogen negates a lot of the positives from testosterone
therapy, resulting in the same symptoms of low testosterone you
had in the first place!
The solution is to add a drug called Arimidex. It's called an
aromatase inhibitor, which essentially blocks the conversion of
testosterone to estrogen. It has the effect of increasing
testosterone levels, while keeping your estrogen low.
Once you have your testosterone and estrogen solved, it's time
to stop the next inevitable decline? Shrinking testicles.
This is where HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) comes in. It
prevents both infertility and testicle shrinkage. Your
testicles shrink because your body thinks it doesn't need to
make testosterone anymore.
For some, small testicles may seem like just a cosmetic
problem. But HGC does more than increase testicle size, it also
increases adrenal function, which can have positive effects on
well-being, libido, and energy.
Ageless By Suzanne Somers. The naked truth about Bio-Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy is a comprehensive book about Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) by Suzanne Somers. The book discusses the revolutionary medicine of HRT....